photo of chinatravelkey arrow Home: China discover :

Ethnic Minorities of China

China officially registers 56 ethnic groups. The ethnic Chinese, known as the Han Chinese, compose 93 percent of the population. Han Chinese speak different dialects, with Mandarin or Putonghua - which means "common speech" -- being the official and most-used. Cantonese, which is spoken in Hong Kong and in China's other southern provinces, is the second most popular. Most of the 55 other ethnic groups use their own languages.
China's minorities account for a small part of the entire population which is only about seven percent. China has five Autonomous Regions for its minorities: Guangxi, Xinjiang, Tibet, Inner Mongolia and Ningxia.

Since the ancient time, China's history has been a story of an immense land with diverse tribes. It is also one of migrations, conflicts, separations and fusion of culture. China was ruled by Han most of the time in the past except in Yuen Dynasty that Mongols ruled for less than 100 years and in Qing Dynasty, Manchuria ruled for almost 300 years. China's boundary today was solidified in early Qing Dynasty in early 17th Century.

China is a multi-culture and multi-disciplined society for a few thousand years. All minorities in China today have the equal right as Han Chinese. Since minorities reside in the remote area and usually poor, Chinese government has preference policy to provide training for the minorities to progress, govern and manage.

Ethnic Group Population (1,000s) Major Areas of Distribution
Achang 27.7 Yunnan
Bai 1,598.1 Yunnan, Guizhou
Bao'an 11.7 Gansu
Bouyei 2,548.3 Guizhou
Bulang 82.4 Yunnan
Dai 1,025.4 Yunnan
Daur 121.5 Inner Mongolia, Heilongjiang, Xinjiang
De'ang 15.5 Yunnan
Dong 2,506.8 Guizhou, Hunan, Guangxi
373.7 Gansu, Xinjiang
Drung 5.8 Yunnan
26.4 Inner Mongolia, Heilongjiang
Hani 1,254.8 Yunnan
Hezhen 4.3 Heilongjiang
Hui 8,612.0 Ningxia, Gansu, Henan, Hebei, Qinghai, Shandong, Yunnan, Xinjiang, Anhui, Liaoning, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Shaanxi, Beijing, Tianjin
Gaoshan 2.9 Taiwan (population not counted), Fujian
Gelo 438.2 Guizhou, Guangxi
Jing 18.7 Guangxi
Jingpo 119.3 Yunnan
Jino 18.0 Yunnan
Kazak 1,110.8 Xinjiang, Gansu, Qinghai
Kirgiz 143.5 Xinjiang, Heilongjiang
1,923.4 Jilin, Liaoning, Heilongjiang
Lahu 411.5 Yunnan
1,112.5 Hainan
Lisu 574.6 Yunnan, Sichuan
Loba 2.3 Tibet
Manchu 8,846.8 Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Hebei, Beijing, Inner Mongolia
Maonan 72.4 Guangxi
7,383.6 Guizhou, Hunan, Yunnan, Guangxi, Sichuan, Hainan, Hubei
Mongba 7.5 Tibet
Mongolian 4,802.4 Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang, Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Gansu, Hebei, Henan, Qinghai
Mulam 160.6 Guangxi
277.8 Yannan, Sichuan
27.2 Yunnan
Oroqen 7.0 Inner Mongolia, Heilongjiang
14.8 Xinjiang
Pumi 29.7 Yunnan
Qiang 198.3 Sichuan
Russian 13.5 Xinjiang
Salar 87.5 Qinghai, Gansu
634.7 Fujian, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Guangdong
Shui 347.1 Guizhou, Guangxi
Tajik 33.2 Xinjiang
Tartar 5.1 Xinjiang
Tibetan 4,593.1 Tibet, Qinghai, Sichuan, Gansu, Yunan
Tu 192.6 Qinghai, Gansu
Tujia 5,725.0 Hunnan, Hubei
Uygur 7,207.0 Xinjiang
Va 352.0 Yunnan
Xibo 172.9 Xinjiang, Liaoning, Jilin
Yao 2,137.0 Guangxi, Hunan, Ynnan, Guangdong, Guizhou
Yi 6,578.5 Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou, Guangxi
Yugu 12.3 Gansu
Zhuang 15,555.8 Guangxi, Yunnan, Guangdong, Guizhou

  chinatravelkey home Home
  Copyright @ - Expert in arranging China Tour and China Hotels.