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Mausoleum of General Yue Fei


The Mausoleum of General Yue Fei is located at the southern foot of Qixia Hill and the northwest bank of West Lake.

Yuefei, born in 1103, is a well-known national hero in the war against Jin invaders during the Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279). He, with his army, pushed north and recover all the lost Chinese territory was opposed. But he was betrayed by a court official, Qin Hui and wrongly executed at the age of 39.

In 1163, Song Emperor Gaozong exonerated Yuefei and had his corpse reburied at the present site. In 1221, a memorial temple was built there not only to honour General Yue Fei who made such a great contribution to China defending his country against the aggression of Jin invaders, but also as an educational site to learn about patriotism. It have been destroyed and rebuilt for several times.

The Mausoleum of General Yue Fei is now formed into a group of ancient-styled buildings. It contains a 4.54-meter-high statue of Yuefei, which was well armed with a sword in the left hand. He looks martial and majestic making a fist with his right.
A calligraphy work of Yuefei reading "return my territory" is hung on the wall, which represents his outlook on life.

120 stone steles inscribed with poems full of his praises and eulogies from different dynasties are displayed along the corridors beside Yue Fei's tomb. A famous Chinese poem reads: "The green hill is fortunate to be the burial ground of a loyal general; The white iron was innocent to be cast into the statues of traitors."

Standing on both sides of his tomb are stone men, horses, tigers, and sheep that serve as guards around the mausoleum. The statues of Qin Hui, the traitor, his wife and two accomplices kneeling in front of the tomb are cursed and spat by visitors for their guilt.
in 1961, The Mausoleum of General Yue Fei was listed as one of the state-level cultural relic protection sites.

 




 
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