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Chongshan Temple

Chongshan Temple is located in Huangmiao Lane, Wuyi Road, Taiyuan City. It is first built in the Tang Dynasty (618-907), once called White Horse Temple. In 1381, the temple was rebuilt and extended by the third son of Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang, first emperor of the Ming Dynasty, in memory of his mother, and renamed Chongshan Temple. Covering an area of 40.4 acres, the temple has become a key cultural relic under the protection of Shanxi Province and home to the Buddhist Association of Shanxi Province.

Most part of the temple has been destroyed during the reign of Emperor Tongzhi (1856-1875) of the Qing Dynasty. The present temple includes the Bell Tower, the Dabei Hall, and the east and west wing rooms. The Dabei Hall is the most typical Ming Dynasty architecture that has been preserved in the best condition and possesses high artistic value. The design of the figure of Avalokitesvara with one thousand hands and one thousand eyes is grotesque and spectacular. In the hall are also preserved Buddhist scriptures of the Song, Yuan and Ming Dynasty editions as well as picture albums of Buddha's deeds and about his fifty - three disciples. The three gilded Ming Dynasty mud statues of Bodhisattvas are all about 8 meters (26.2 feet) high. All three statues still retain their florid colors and smooth lines, rare artworks of the Ming Dynasty.


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