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Qin Shi Huang and Construction of the


Qin Shi Huang (259 BC - 210 BC), the first emperor of China, ascended the throne at the age of 13. Qin Shi Huang's reign was marked with great advances in all sections of society: he ordered the construction of a vast infrastructure of roads and canals and the connection of the various border walls of his kingdom into one Great Wall; he standardized the systems of writing, of weights and measures, and of currency in order to simply communication and record-keeping; and he abolished feudalism, forced the nobles to reside under his thumb in the capital city and divided the rest of China into 36 separately governed states. He also fostered religion, sacrificing to the gods in thanks for his military and diplomatic successes, announcing that he had finally united Chinal. However, Qin Shi Huangi was also a tyrannical despot and ruled with an iron hand for many years, handing down draconian laws, and levying large tax rates to oppress the commoners of ancient China and maintain and solidify his tenuous grasp on the monarchy.
Construction of the Qin Mausoleum began in 247 B. C. soon after Qin Shi Huang ascended to the throne and was still underway at his death 210 B. C. Qin Shi Huang ordered 720,000 conscript laborers to hurry up on building his royal tomb. Many laborers died of hardship during its construction, and all the workmen were entombed along with the emperor in order to keep their mouths shut. His son, the second Qin Emperor,saw to his entombment.
Construction of the tomb required a large quantity of stones. According to the historical documents, hundreds of thousands of criminals were forced to carry stones from the North Mountains. The stone processing site in Zhengjia Village shows that at least 750,000 square meters of stones were used to construct the Qin Mausoleum. Stones used for the mausoleum were carved with beautiful pattens and painted with moisture-proof red lacquer. Seams between the stones was filled with melted copper and tin. Crossbows were installed to kill any one attempting to rob the tomb.

Xian Tour Routes Covers Mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shi Huang
XD-3. One day private tour of Terracotta Army and Huaqing Hotspring

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