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Garden of Virtuous Harmony

--Deheyuan of Summer Palace

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Garden of Virtuous Harmony, Deheyuan in Chinese, is also called the Great Theatre Building for the performance of Beijing opera. It consists of the Theatre Building itself and Yiledian (Hall of pleasure smile).

The building played a major part in fostering the birth and development of Beijing Opera: since the completion of the Grand Theater Building, many performances were held in it in honor of the Empress Dowager Cixi. The Grand Theater Building known as the "Cradle of Beijing Opera"

Architecture and display
The Great theatre Building is a three-storied structure, 21 meters high and 17 meters wide on the lowest floor. There are trapdoors above and below the floor for "Fairies" to descend from the sky and "devils" to rise up from the earth. There is also a well and five ponds under the stage for water scenes. Discover more...

Construction of the theatre building started in 1891 and was completed in 1895, just in time for the celebration of the 60th birthday of Empress Dowager Cixi.

  • Of the three main theater buildings of the Qing Dynasty, the Grand Theater Building is the tallest and the largest one. The other two are Changyin (Fluent Voice) Pavilion in the Palace Museum and Qingyin (Clear Voice) Pavilion in Chengde, an imperial summer resort.

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