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Tian'anmen Rostrum

Tian'anmen Square Index | History | Sceneries
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TiananmTiananmen Squareen rostrum was first built in 1417 and named Chengtianmen (the Gate of Heavenly Succession). At the end of the Ming Dynasty, it was seriously damaged by the war. When it was rebuilt under the Qing in 1651, it was renamed Tiananmen, and served as the main entrance to the Imperial City, the administrative and residential quarters for court officials and retainers. The southern sections of the Imperial City wall still stand on both sides of the Gate.

Architecture:
The tower at the top of the gate is nine-room wide and five-room deep. According to the Book of Changes, the two numbers nine and five. When combined, symbolize the supreme status of a sovereign.

Function:
During the Ming and Qing dynasties, Tiananmen was the place where state ceremonies took place. The most important one of them was theissuing of imperial edicts:

Rostrum today:
On October 1, 1949, chairmen Mao Zedong proclaimed on Tiananmen Rostrum the founding of the peoples Republic of China. Since then Tiananmen hence been the symbol of China. Chairman Maos portrait is hung above the central entrance, flanked by two slogans Long live the peoples Republic of China and long live the Great unity of the peoples of the World. Today, the splendour of Tiananmen attracts million of visitors from all over the world.
The Rostrum on its top was opened in 1988 to the public for the first time in its history. It offers a panoramic view of the square and the city proper.

Two stone lions in front of Tiananmen Square
The two stone lions by the gate of Tiananmen, one on each side, were meant as sentries. They gaze toward the middle axis, guarding the emperors walkway.

Beijing Tour Routes covers Tiananmen Square:

BH-1. 3 nights 4 days Beijing tour BH-2. 4 nights 5 days Beijing tour
BH-3. 5 nights 6 days Beijing tour BH-4. 6 nights 7 days Beijing tour
BK-1. 2 days Beijing tour BK-2. 3 days Beijing tour
BK-3. 4 days Beijing tour BK-4. 5 days Beijing tour
BK-5. 6 days Beijing tour BK-6. 7 days Beijing tour
BX-1. Xingang Beijing 2 days (no hotel) BX-2. Xingang Beijing 2 days tour
BX-3. Xingang Beijing 4 days tour BJXA-3. Beijing Xian 4 days tour
BJCD-2. Beijing Chengde 6 days tour BJGL-1. Beijing Guilin Tour
BJSH-1. 5 days Beijing Shanghai Tour BJSH-2. 6 days Beijing Shanghai Tour
BJSH-3. Beijing Shanghai Suzhou Tour BJSH-4. 9 Days Beijing Shanghai Suzhou Hangzhou Tour
BJLH-1. Beijing Lhasa Tour BJXA-3. Beijing Xian 4 days tour
BJXA-5. Beijing Xian 9 days tour BJXA-4. Beijing Xian 7 days tour



Photo of Tiananmen Square
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