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-- of Great Wall of China

Great Wall Tour
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Defence work of the Great Wall during the Ming Dynasty was divided into architectures of differing grades, classes, forms and uses, such as fortressed town, castle, garrison city, mountain pass city, stronghold city, city wall, watch tower, wall tower and furnace mound (for making smoke as signal in case of invasion). Great WallThese architectures are connected with each other and coordinate with each other, forming a complete network of defence projects. But they can be divided in to three parts: Mountain pass city, Beacon fire site and wall.

Mountain pass city
The mountain pass city is a major defence stronghold along the Great Wall of the Ming Dynasty. During emergency, top generals and high-ranking officers were stationed in the mountain pass city, whose location was considered to be of great importance. Discover more...

Beacon fire site
Beacon fire site were known by a score of names: feng sui, feng tai, yan dun, lang yan tai, ting, sui, etc. They were known as ting or sui or ting sui during the Han Dynasty. In the Tang and Song dynasties they came to be called feng tai. But they were known as yan dun or duntai in the Ming Dynasty.

The Wall ( or rampart )
The wall is the main construction work, connecting strategic mountain passes and beacon fire sites into an integrated unit. The wall is built in accordance with the terrain. It's width and height vary from place to place. Take Juyongguan Pass and Badaling for instance. The body of the wall here averages 7 or 8 meters in height. It is 6 or 7 meters thick at the base. The top is 5 meters wide. The wall is therefore narrow at top and broad at base. Discover more...

Photo of Badaling Great Wall
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Photo of HuangHuaCheng Great Wall
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Photo of Jinshanling Great Wall
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Photo of Juyongguan Great Wall
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Photo of Mutianyu Great Wall
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Photo of Simatai Great Wall
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Beijing Tour Routes Includes Great Wall
Beijing One Day Tour
BD-4. Badaling Wall+Ming Tomb
BD-5. Badaling Wall+Summer Palace

BD-6. Badaling Great Wall,Tiananmen Square,Forbidden City
BD-7. Mutianyu wall+Ming Tomb
BD-8. Mutianyu Great wall, Summer Palace
BD-9. Mutianyu Great wall, Tiananmen Square and Forbidden City
BD-10. Simatai Great Wall
BD-11. Beijing Day Tour from Xingang Port
BD-14. Half Day Tour to Badaling Great Wall

Xingang Beijing Tour
BX-1. Xingang Beijing 2 days (no hotel)
BX-2. Xingang Beijing 2 days tour
BX-3. Xingang Beijing 4 days tour
BD-11. Xingang Beijing 1 day tour

Seat in Coach Beijing Tour
BST-1. Great Wall tour bus tour

Beijing Xian Tour
BJXA-3. Beijing Xian 4 days tour
BJXA-4. Beijing Xian 7 days tour
BJXA-5. Beijing Xian 9 days tour

Beijing Chengde Tour
BJCD-2. Beijing Chengde 6 days tour

BH-1. 3 nights 4 days Beijing tour BH-2. 4 nights 5 days Beijing tour
BH-3. 5 nights 6 days Beijing tour BH-4. 6 nights 7 days Beijing tour
BK-1. 2 days Beijing tour BK-2. 3 days Beijing tour
BK-3. 4 days Beijing tour BK-4. 5 days Beijing tour
BK-5. 6 days Beijing tour BK-6. 7 days Beijing tour
BJSH-1. 5 days Beijing Shanghai Tour BJGL-1. Beijing Guilin Tour
BJSH-2. 6 days Beijing Shanghai Tour BJSH-3. Beijing Shanghai Suzhou Tour (7 days)
BJSH-4. 9 days Beijing Shanghai Suzhou Hangzhou Tour BJLH-1. Beijing Lhasa Tour


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